Internationale Zeitschrift für Kulturkomparatistik <section class="current_issue"><header class="page-header"> <h2>Kürzlich veröffentlicht</h2> </header> <p class="current_issue_title lead">Band 6 (2022): Poetics and Politics by Women in the Post-Soviet Space</p> <div class="issue-toc"> <div class="heading row"> <div class="thumbnail col-md-4"><a class="cover" href=""> <img class="img-responsive" src=""> </a></div> <div class="issue-details col-md-8"> <div class="description"> <p><strong>Herausgegeben von Anna Fees, Henrieke Stahl and Claus Telge</strong></p> <p>In contemporary Russian poetry, a special movement has emerged that engages in political activism under the feminist banner. This form of political poetry aims less at criticism and subversion than at making a direct social impact. Poems are written as performative forms of social action and often with a concrete purpose. They aim to resist power and take the side of the oppressed. The poetic subject opens her voice and her body in solidarity with others or courageously opposes the establishment through provocation — even aggression.</p> <p><em>ISSN 2698-492X&nbsp; </em>(Print)<br><em>ISSN 2698-4938&nbsp; </em>(Online)<br>Trier 2022</p> </div> <p class="published"><strong> Veröffentlicht: </strong> 2022-07-18</p> </div> </div> </div> </section> Universität Trier de-DE Internationale Zeitschrift für Kulturkomparatistik 2698-492X Der Geist der Mystik als Ursprung der Naturphilosophie – eine Relektüre Karl Joëls <p>The volume is devoted to the approach of the philosopher Karl Joël, which he presented under the title “Der Ursprung der Naturphilosophie aus dem Geiste derMystik” in 1906. Although the times have changed, it is worth pointing out the sources from which Joël drew, according to the conviction that gave rise to the present volume. Just as he himself asks about the origin of the philosophy of nature, so the contributions to this volume will enquire about the origin of his own thought. After a presentation of Joël’s concept (Schwaetzer), the three epochs to which he primarily recurs will be considered: Antiquity (Schneider), the Renaissance (Cuozzo) and German Idealism (Hueck), including Late Idealism (Hernández). Finally, there is a view from the present (Thomas). In a narrower sense, the question of the present volume is situated in the area of a philosophy of nature of the Anthropocene. It discusses the thesis that the philosophy of nature arises from mysticism without being dissolved in it, but that the former must not deny its origin Joël thus offers a concept of science that productively questions current understandings and is at the same time embedded in an anthropology that also takes seriously the mental and spiritual in man and the cosmos.</p> Harald Schwaetzer Copyright (c) 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 7 7 18 10.25353/ubtr-izfk-591e-ee85 Mystik als Ursprung der Naturphilosophie. Zur Relevanz von Joëls Grundthese <p>Karl Joël’s book “Der Ursprung der Naturphilosophie aus dem Geiste der Mystik” seems at first glance, like almost all of his writings, as if the author was not very keen on an argumentative course. Yet, the text has been very precisely structured. Its four chapters correspond to the four unities: “It is actually a fourfold unity that they all [i.e. the Renaissance thinkers, HS] teach in the sensed unity of life: the unity of man, of the soul with God [1], the unity of God with the world [2] [...], the unity of the world as such [3], and the unity of man with the world [4]”. From the indifference point of feeling, Joël develops mysticism as the source of knowledge on one side and science as its clear verification on the other side. He bases his concept on an understanding of real spirituality as shown in the ensoulment of the cosmos and in the doctrine of metempsychosis.</p> Harald Schwaetzer Copyright (c) 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 7 19 39 10.25353/ubtr-izfk-ad8c-4b68 Naturphilosophie, Religiöses Empfinden und Lyrik der frühen Antike bei Karl Joël <p>According to Joël’s study from 1906, natural philosophy, religious feeling or thinking and poetry are not separate cultural phenomena, but rather are interrelated. This contradicts the prevailing view around 1900 and so his work can be understood as an attempt to develop a new view of cultural horizons. Joël sees “feeling” and “mysticism” directed at nature as the main impulse. These two terms, which were completely shaped by the psychological ideas around 1900, cannot, however, come close to the life of early antiquity and obstruct the view of the novelty seen by Joël: the determination of a special cognitive disposition of a time that permeates all cultural phenomena.</p> Wolfgang Christian Schneider Copyright (c) 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 7 41 60 10.25353/ubtr-izfk-7d33-9cfd Leonardo da Vinci und die Geburt der Naturphilosophie in der Renaissance. Eine Reise durch Bilder <p>The “sfumato” is a new notion, both from an artistic and metaphysical viewpoint. Thanks to this concept, Leonardo brings the reflection on the nature of the cosmos to a level of surprising currency, thus overcoming the dichotomy between the human and the natural world (animals, plants, atmosphere, water, and rock formations). At the same time, the distinction between nature and supernatural reality is also questioned: nature is pervaded by the spirit, i.e., the incorporeal force that animates the entire universe, while the sacred turns out to be rooted in an original dimension that escapes any temporal computation. And it is to this union that such magnificent works such as The Virgin of the Rocks, the Mona Lisa, and Saint Anne with the Virgin and Child are inspired. They are pictorial treatises on the philosophy of nature that are inspired to the divine principle, which pervades creation. At the heart of this deep osmosis between natural exploration and the human-divine world is creativity of the artist, in whose works the world is spiritualized and perfected.</p> Gianluca Cuozzo Copyright (c) 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 7 61 95 10.25353/ubtr-izfk-c507-b298 Naturphilosophie und Wandlung der Seele bei Karl Joël und F.W.J. Schelling <p>In his work “On the Origin of Natural Philosophy from the Spirit of Mysticism” Karl Joël refers several times to Schelling and his thinking about nature without elaborating on this references. The article discusses the thesis, whether the concept of conversion, which seems to be essential for Joëls philosophical approach, could be seen as a link between him and Schelling. It substantiates that both authors find in the conversion of human beings a condition for a non-reductive insight into nature.</p> Johanna Hueck Copyright (c) 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 7 97 108 10.25353/ubtr-izfk-07fa-4e0b Die Frage nach der adäquaten Naturerkenntnis bei Immanuel Hermann Fichte <p>The present article addresses the question of the adequate knowledge of nature in the context of Immanuel Hermann Fichte’s philosophy of nature. After an examination of the position and role that this systematic problem has both in Karl Joël’s book Der Ursprung der Naturphilosophie aus dem Geiste der Mystik and in contemporary research on the Anthropocene, this article offers a depiction of Fichte’s conception of the aposterioric speculative mode of knowledge of nature. Finally, Fichte’s conception of knowledge of nature is brought up for discussion both with Joël’s epistemological thesis and with certain approaches of contemporary research on the Anthropocene. It is shown that Fichte’s philosophy offers a productive perspective to addressing contemporary problems of the Anthropocene.</p> Cristián Hernández Maturana Copyright (c) 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 7 109 140 10.25353/ubtr-izfk-92cd-9b4f Liebe als Naturmystik. Postmetaphysische und postkritische Potenziale bei Henri Bergson und Thomas Rentsch <p>When we feel that all beings are interconnected – how can we reconstruct this in philosophical terms, avoiding ideology and scientific-evolutionary or religious big pictures? This text looks at Bergsons notion of intuition and Rentschs notion of negativity and the transcendental conditions of life in order to describe a secular mysticism. Love is a core aspect of this mysticism since love protects singularity (Rentsch), sees potentials of development (Scheler) and can connect us with the world (Bergson).</p> Philipp Thomas (Weingarten) Copyright (c) 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 7 141 158 10.25353/ubtr-izfk-463c-6e24